Articles

Spinal Adjustments Instantly Ease Muscle Pain

Chiropractic adjustments can provide immediate relief for people with chronic muscle pain, according to new research.

Chronic muscle pain, also known as myofascial pain syndrome, affects an estimated 25% of the general population, and 85% of middle-aged people. Myofascial pain can be caused by an injury to muscle fibers, repetitive motions, or a lack of activity. Frequently patients have specific trigger points, or hyperirritable spots of pain.

In a new study, 36 patients with myofascial pain were treated with either chiropractic spinal adjustments or a sham treatment. The researchers measured patients’ pressure pain threshold, or their ability to withstand pain at trigger points. Having a lower pressure pain threshold indicates more pain sensitivity and tenderness.

Immediately after receiving spinal adjustments, chiropractic patients had significantly improved pressure pain thresholds and reduced sensitivity compared to the control group.

This adds to earlier research showing that chiropractic is a safe, effective way to reduce chronic pain. If you suffer from ongoing muscle pain, chiropractic can help.

For more information, please contact Surrey Chiropractic Clinic. We provide a variety of healthcare services as noted on www.surreychiropractic.com

Reference: Srbely J, Vernon H, Lee D, Polgar M. Immediate effects of spinal manipulative therapy on regional antinociceptive effects in myofascial tissues in healthy young adults. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2013. dOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2013.01.005

 

Chiropractic Adjustments Produce Immediate Results Visible on MRI (Video)

New research helps to explain why chiropractic is so effective for low-back pain. Using MRI scans, researchers were able to document the immediate benefits of chiropractic adjustments.

Patients with low-back pain have restricted mobility in the lumbar spine that results in degenerative changes and fibrous adhesions within the joints of the vertebrae.

Researchers hypothesized that chiropractic adjustments increase gapping between the joints of the vertebrae, which breaks up adhesions and allows the joints to move freely.

In a new study, 112 patients with low-back pain were randomly assigned to receive either chiropractic adjustments, side-posture positioning, or two control treatments.

Immediately after the treatment, they received an MRI scan that allowed researchers to analyze spinal gapping.

The chiropractic patients had the most substantial spinal gapping, and patients treated with a combination of chiropractic adjustments and side-posture positioning had the greatest reduction in pain.

This study shows how chiropractic can restore spinal health to decrease disability and pain.

Reference: Cramer GD, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging zygaphosphyseal joint space changes (gapping) in low back pain patients following spinal manipulation and side-posture positioning: a randomized controlled mechanisms trial with blinding. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2013; pii: S0161-4754(13)00055-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2013.04.003.

 

Cervical Disc Herniation and Chiropractic Care


New research shows the chiropractic can produce clinically significant reductions in pain for patients with cervical disc herniation.

Often patients with neck pain experience tingling, numbness, and pain emanating from their neck down the arm. These symptoms are characteristic of cervical radiculopathy or radicular pain. Cervical radiculopathy results from compression of the nerve root in the cervical spine (the part of the spine in your neck), and can cause pain to travel down the nerve pathway in the arm.

Disc herniation is the second most common causes of cervical radiculopathy. Unfortunately, few medical studies have analyzed the effectiveness of conservative treatments for cervical disc herniation. A team of Swiss researchers sought to fill that gap in knowledge by observing the effects of chiropractic care on patients with disc herniation in a new study.

The study included 50 patients with cervical disc herniation confirmed on MRI scans and orthopedic tests. The patients were treated by chiropractors who used spinal adjustments applied directly to the affected area observed on the MRI scans. After two weeks of treatment more than half of patients had significantly improved. By the three month mark, 85.7% of patients had significant improvements in pain and disability. Additionally, none of the patients experienced adverse effects as result of treatment.

Patients with acute pain at the start of the study (with symptoms lasting under 4 weeks) had a greater chance of recovery compared to patients with subacute/chronic pain. However, the majority of patients with of subacute/chronic pain patients (76.5%) still experienced significant improvements.

“This is clinically important as the chronic patients are the ones who are usually the most costly in terms of health care cause and quality-of-life disruption,” the researchers wrote.

These findings add to earlier research demonstrating the efficacy of chiropractic care for lumbar disc herniation and radiculopathy.

Reference: Peterson CK, et al. Outcomes from magnetic resonance imaging–confirmed symptomatic cervical disk herniation patients treated with high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulative therapy.: a prospective cohort study with 3-month follow-up. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2013; doi 10.1016/j.jmpt.2013.07.002).

 

JSCR 25.1: Omega-3 chia seed loading as a means of carbohydrate loading

Research shows that endurance athletes who can store more muscle glycogen will have some advantage over other athletes who exhaust muscle glycogen stores earlier in competitions. Carbohydrate (CHO) loading has been used for many years to enhance athletic performance in events lasting less than 90 min. However, research also supports the benefits of a high-fat diet over a high-CHO diet for enhancing an endurance athlete’s performance. So which method is more effective?

 

A study in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research hypothesized that omega-3 chia loading could be more beneficial than traditional CHO loading because its high-fat and moderate CHO composition might improve endurance fuel usage. Six highly trained endurance male athletes were recruited to perform a high-intensity workout for two days before testing. The athletes were then required to drink either an omega-3 chia loading drink (experimental) or a CHO loading drink (control) for two days before endurance performance trials.

There were no statistical differences (t(5) = 0.232, p = 0.083) between omega-3 chia loading (mean 10k time = 37 min, 49 s) and CHO loading (mean 10k time = 37 min, 43 s). Thus, omega-3 chia loading with additional CHO appears to be an option for CHO loading for endurance events lasting less than 90 min.

 

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Source Article:  Illian, TG, Casey, JC, and Bishop, A.  Omega-3 chia seed loading as a means of carbohydrate loading.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research  25(1): 61–65, 2011.